Zoning Ordinance

Effective Date:
Last Updated: June 23rd, 2021

Links to individual articles can be found within each article header.
Zoning District Fact Sheets
R-10 (Single-Family Residential)
B-1 (Business District)
R-12.5 (Single-Family Residential) 
B-2 (Neighborhood Business)
R-40 (Single-Family Residential) 
HB (Highway Business)
R-AH (Residential Attached Housing)M-1 (Heavy Manufacturing)
GRD (Group Residential District)M-2 (Light Industrial District)
TND (Traditional Neighborhood District)OI (Office and Institutional)

Article I: Purpose, Authority, and Title

1.1 Purpose
1.3 Title
1.2 Authority

Article II: Jurisdiction and Map

2.1 Territorial Jurisdiction
2.2 Incorporation of Zoning Map

Article III: General Provisions

3.1 Zoning Affects Every Building and Use; Bona Fide Farms Exempt
3.9 Building Setback Exceptions

3.17 Outdoor Storage and Display
3.2 Relationship of Buildings to Lot
3.10 Double Frontage (Through Lots)
3.18 Class C Mobile Homes Prohibited
3.3 Street Access
3.11 Visibility at Intersections
3.19 Use of Mobile Homes and Other Vehicles for Storage Prohibited
3.4 Lot of Record
3.12 Temporary Buildings
3.20 Minimum Regulations
3.5 Open Space Requirements
3.13 - Reserved -
3.21 Fees
3.6 Reduction of Lot and Yard Areas Prohibited
3.14 Entrances/Exits to Public Streets

3.22 Sidewalk and Greenway Requirements
3.7 Water and Sewer Requirements
3.15 Projections into Front Yards in Commercial and Industrial Districts

3.8 Height Limitation Exceptions
3.16 Lighting

Article IV: Establishment of Zoning Districts

4.1 Primary Zoning Districts Established: Purposes Set Forth
4.4 District Boundaries Shown on Zoning Map
4.2 Conditional Zoning Districts Established: Purposes Set Forth
4.5 Rules Governing Boundaries
4.3 Roadway Overlay District Established: Purposes Set Forth
4.6 Determining Permitted and Special Uses, Principal Uses and Mixed Uses

Article V: Schedule of District Regulations

5.1 Primary Zoning District Requirements
Appendix A Map of Roadway Overlay District
5.2 Roadway Overlay District

Article VI: Table of Permitted and Special Uses

6.1 General
6.4 Table of Permitted and Special Uses
6.2 Entries
6.5 Special Requirements to the Table of Permitted, and Special Uses
6.3 Meaning of Entries

Article VII: Area, Yard, and Height Requirements

Table 7.1 Area, Height, and Primary Structure Setback Requirements
Miscellaneous Lot and Structure Requirements (i.e., accessory structures, fences, etc.)

Article VIII: Off-Street Parking and Loading

8.1 Purpose
8.7 Shared Parking Spaces
8.13 Off-Street Loading Standards
8.2 Applicability
8.8 Compact Spaces
8.14 On-Street Parking
8.3 General Standards
8.9 Cross Access Required
8.15 Deferred Parking
8.4 Minimum Off-Street Parking Standards
8.10 Pedestrian Pathways
8.16 Minimum Driveway Throat Length
8.5 Maximum Parking Standards
8.11 Minimum Dimensional Standards for Parking Spaces

8.6 Alternative Parking Standards
8.12 Stacking Spaces for Drive-Thru and Related Uses

Article IX: Signs

9.1 General Provisions/Purpose
9.9 Master or Common Signage Plan
9.17 Signs Permitted without a Zoning Compliance Certificate
9.2 In General
9.10 Zoning Compliance Certificate Required
9.18 Signs Permitted with a Zoning Compliance Certificate in All Zoning Districts
9.3 Determination of Sign Copy Area
9.11 Construction Standards
9.19 Signs Permitted in OI, HB, B-1, B-2, M-2, and M-2 Zoning Districts
9.4 Determination of Sign Height
9.12 Maintenance Required
9.20 Signs Permitted in OI, HB, B-1. B-2, M-1, and M-2 Zoning Districts
9.5 Determination of Sign Setback; Freestanding Sign Setback
9.13 Dangerous or Unsafe Signs
9.21 Signs Permitted by Special Permit
9.6 Protection Under First Amendment Rights
9.14 Removal of Discontinued Signs
9.22 Enforcement
9.7 Changeable Copy
9.15 Removal and Disposal of Signs in Right-of-Way
9.23 Outdoor Advertising (Billboard) Signs Prohibited
9.8 Illuminated Signs
9.16 Signs Expressly Prohibited
9.24 Signs for Multiple Establishments in a Single Parcel or Parcel Under Single Ownership

Article X: Buffering, Screening, and Landscaping Requirements

10.1 Purpose of Buffering/Landscaping Requirements
10.8 Maintenance
10.2 Definitions
10.9 Visibility Obstructions Prohibited
10.3 Roadside Landscaping Requirements
10.10 Guarantee in Lieu of Immediate Installation of Landscaping and Screening Materials
10.4 Landscaping in Parking Areas
10.11 Screening of Dumpsters
10.5 Buffering/Screening of Adjoining Incompatible Land Uses
10.12 Screening of HVAC
10.6 Alternative Screening Methods
10.13 List of Recommended Tree Species for Planting
10.7 Protection of Existing Trees in Required Buffer Strips
10.14 Tree Species Not Recommended

Article XI: Tree Preservation, Protection, and Reforestation

11.1 Purpose of Tree Preservation and Protection Requirements
11.9 Tree Replacement Plan - Standards and Revegetation
11.2 Applicability
11.10 Permit Procedures
11.3 Exemptions
11.11 Removal of Trees - Conditions and Exceptions
11.4 Criteria for determining Monumental Trees and Stands
11.12 Tree Protection During Construction
11.5 Minimum Tree Density Requirement
11.13 Emergencies
11.6 Application Requirements
11.14 Calculating Tree Density
11.7 Tree Survey Inspection
11.15 Unacceptable Replacement Trees
11.8 Tree Protection Plan - Documents Required
11.16 Unauthorized Tree Removal

Article XII: Removal and Disposition of Abandoned, Nuisance and Junked Motor Vehicles

12.1 Administration
12.9 Right to Probable Cause Hearing Before Sale or Final Disposition of Vehicle
12.2 Definitions
12.10 Redemption of Vehicle During Proceedings
12.3 Abandoned Vehicle Unlawful; Removal Authorized
12.11 Sale and Disposition of Unclaimed Vehicles
12.4 Nuisance Vehicle Unlawful; Removal Authorized
12.12 Conditions on Removals of Vehicles from Private Property
12.5 Junked Motor Vehicle Regulated; Removal Authorized
12.13 Protection Against Civil or Criminal Liability
12.6 Removal of Abandoned, Nuisance, or Junked Motor Vehicles; Pre-Towing Notice Requirements
12.14 Exceptions
12.7 Exceptions to the Prior Notice Requirements
12.15 Unlawful Removal of Impounded Vehicles
12.8 Removal of Vehicles; Post-Towing Requirements

Article XIII: Non-Conforming Situations

13.1 Continuation of Non-Conforming Situations
13.9 Non-Conforming Signs
13.2 Non-Conforming Lots of Record
13.9.1 Conformance Required
13.3 Extensions or Enlargement of Non-Conforming Situations
13.9.2 Regulations of Non-Conforming Signs
13.4 Reconstruction Prohibited
13.9.3 Illumination of Signs for Illegal Non-Conforming Uses
13.5 Change in Kind of Non-Conforming Uses
13.9.4 Damaged or Deteriorated Non-Conforming Signs
13.6 Replacement of Non-Conforming Mobile Homes
13.9.5 Maintenance of Non-Conforming Signs
13.7 Discontinuance of Non-Conforming Uses
13.9.6 Discontinuance of Certain Non-Conforming Signs (Reserved)
13.8 Discontinuance of Non-Conforming Uses Adult Oriented Business

Article XIV: Board of Adjustment

14.1 Establishment of Board of Adjustment
14.4 Stay of Proceedings
14.2 Proceedings of the Board of Adjustment
14.5 Powers and Duties of the Board of Adjustment
14.3 Appeals, Hearings, and Notices
14.6 Appeals from the Board of Adjustment

Article XV: Amendment Procedures: Conditional Zoning Districts; Special Use Permits

15.1 General
15.6 Protest Petition
15.2 Amendment Initiation
15.7 Special Provisions for Condition Zoning Districts
15.3 Submittal
15.8 Maximum Number of Applications
15.4 Planning and Zoning Board Action
15.9 Special Uses
15.5 City Council Action
15.10 Small Scale Rezonings

Article XVI: Administration, Enforcement, Violations, and Penalties

16.1 Zoning Administrator
16.6 Violations
16.2 Zoning Permit
16.7 Inspection and Investigation
16.3 Technical Review Committee (TRC)
16.8 Enforcement Procedure
16.4 Zoning Permit with Vested Rights
16.9 Penalties for Violation
16.5 Duties of Zoning Administrator, Board of Adjustment, Courts, and City Council to Matters of Appeal

Article XVII: General Legal Provisions

17.1 Interpretation, Purpose, Conflict
17.4 Definitions
17.2 Repeal and Reenactment of Existing Zoning Ordinances
17.5 Validity
17.3 Effect of Ordinance Changes on Previous Development Approvals
17.6 Effective Date

Tables of Permitted and Special Uses (from Article VI)

Business, Professional, and Personal Services
Residential Uses
Educational and Institutional Uses
Recreational Uses
Manufacturing and Industrial Uses
Public Works
Retail Trade
Wholesale Trade